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121

Saturday, October 1st 2016, 10:30pm

Hannoversche Eisengiesserei und Maschinenfabrik AG

Founded in 1857, this concern functioned as a local iron works for more than fifty years before branching out into the manufacture of agricultural machinery shortly before the Great War. In 1930 it was reorganised as a joint stock company and adopted its current style; shortly thereafter it introduced a patented pipe-cleaning system for pipeline networks, which grew rapidly alongside the North German oil industry. The firm is presently organised in three departments – Foundry (component parts for numerous defence and industrial firms); Agricultural Machinery (mowers, tedders, potato harvesters, and other farm vehicles); and Pipe Cleaning (up to 1,000 mm in diameter).

122

Sunday, October 2nd 2016, 12:34am

Königsberger Maschinenfabrik AG

This firm was founded in 1892 to undertake the manufacture of industrial steam boilers and other steam machinery. In 1900 it diversified into the production of ice and refrigeration equipment for commercial cold storage facilities. The disruption of the Great War caused the firm to re-orient its production from industrial to marine applications, undertaking to produce auxiliary machinery for the ships of the Imperial Navy.

In 1923 the firm was reorganised and work concentrated on the production of industrial steam turbines and mill equipment. From the latter 1920s the firm resumed the production of refrigeration and ventilation equipment for commercial and marine applications, becoming a significant sub-contractor in the construction of fruit carriers for the expanding Handelsmarine. It has also re-introduced the manufacture of marine boilers of Lamont design under sub-contract to the Schichau Works.

123

Monday, October 31st 2016, 11:22pm

Dippe Maschinenfabrik AG

This firm was founded in 1840 by Ferdinand Voigtländer as a machine-tool factory and copper smithy in the town of Schladen in the district of Wolfenbüttel. In 1865 the works were sold to entrepreneur Fritz Dippe and engineer Adolf Wittenberg. The partnership was converted into a joint-stock company in 1899. Activities included production of complete facilities for the sugar, chemical, chemical, potash, and iron industries, boiler construction, construction of water turbines, and stationary steam engines. During the Great War it constructed portable bridges repairing railways in the forward areas. In the postwar period diversification saw the firm develop a line of lathes and machining centres, as well as undertaking subcontract work for the automotive industry.

124

Tuesday, December 20th 2016, 8:08pm

Leichtmetallwerk Bernhard Berghaus KG

This firm was organised in 1925 to undertake the fabrication of light metal components for the automotive and aviation industries. A factory was erected at Rackwitz, near Leipzig and production commenced the following year. The firm quickly established a relationship with the Junkers concern and supplied airframe components for many early Junkers aircraft. Following construction of an aluminium casting and foundry shop the primary output of the firm shifted to cast components for automobiles, with the Auto-Union concern becoming a second major customer. At the present time some nine hundred employees are engaged in the manufacture of various metal parts under subcontract as well as a proprietary line of office furniture.

125

Thursday, January 2nd 2020, 4:31am

Maschinenfabrik Liezen und Gießerei AG

The province of Styria had long been known for its high-grade iron ore deposits, with small-scale iron works existing since the 13th Century. In 1939 the Schmid-Schmidsfelden family of industrialists re-established a works at Liezen to undertake the production of iron foundry products, the Schmidhütte Liezen. Buoyed by the expanding economy the firm prospered and by 1945 the plant employed more than 1,100 workers, and its facilities included a steelworks and foundry building of over 10,000 square metres, a second building of more than 7,500 square metres, with metal treatment (cleaning, annealing, etc.) facilities, an engineering workshop and even its own power generation facilities. In 1948 the privately-owned Christian Pfeifer Maschinenfabrik of nearby Wörschach was acquired; continuing to operate as a subsidiary this facility manufactures grinding mills and components. The main facility at Liezen continues the manufacture of iron and alloy castings and forgings.

126

Saturday, January 4th 2020, 3:10am

Industriewerke Warchalowski AG

Jakob Warchalowski laid the foundations for the company in 1858 with the formation of a machinery works in Wien, Maschinenfabrik J. Warchalowski. Initially the firm concentrated on the production of boilers and steam stationary steam engines for industrial applications. Under the guidance of the founder’s sons the factory became an early manufacturer of internal combustion engines, finding a ready market across the Austro-Hungarian Empire. In 1913 the firm was restyled as Industriewerke Warchalowski, Eissler und Compagnie, employing at that time more than two thousand workers. During the Great War the factory manufactured Hiero aircraft engines under license to the order of the Austro-Hungarian military.

The firm survived the Great War and the breakup of the Dual Monarchy though it underwent conversion to a joint-stock company under the present style. Resumption of manufacture of industrial engines began in 1919 and in 1922 the firm introduced its first air-cooled industrial diesel engine. A line of small diesel engines, with output of 15, 25, and 50 PS was available from 1925, while its first 200 PS industrial diesel was introduced in 1933. Presently the firm is a major manufacturer of engines of all kinds for industrial uses, its production being exported widely across the globe.