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81

Saturday, February 3rd 2018, 2:08am

Destroyer Pylkiy, 54 dgs 43 min North, 19 dgs 31 min East, Sunday, 25 July 1948

Captain Kozyukhin was trying to catch up on some report before the ships of the Thirteenth Flotilla arrived at Pillau to resume their training exercises with the German counterparts. He work was interrupted however by an urgent summons from the bridge. With his mind filled with questions he quickly made his way through the companionway and up the ladder to the bridge. There he found his executive officer grinning.

“I thought you would want to see this sir,” he said, a pointed to the splotch of white on the horizon ahead of them.

Kozyukhin immediately went to the nearest set of cruiser classes and trained them on the approaching object, which to his surprise resolved itself into a ‘Flying Dutchman’ under full sail. “They have finally completed her,” he muttered. Talk of the recreation of the East Indiaman König von Preußen had been circulating in the upper Baltic for the last several years, and Kozyukhin had once visited the yard in Königsberg where she was building. The sight of the Indiaman brought back memories of his cadet years on a sail training ship and conjured up thoughts of the generation of sailors who took such frail craft to the far corners of the world.

“Signal the squadron, ‘Form line ahead – prepare to render honors to port’.”

Aboard the Pylkiy sailors not on watch crowded onto the port railings to see the unusual sight – and the scene was repeated on the other ships of the flotilla. Kozyukhin could see the König von Preußen’s yards filling with her crew as the she neared the oncoming destroyers – though holding herself a good distance away in deference to the destroyers’ wake.

A cheer from the König von Preußen could be heard across the waves, which was answered by a hearty “Urrah!” from the Russian vessels. The traditions of the sea were re-enacted that Baltic summer’s afternoon, and in a few moments, the Russian ships and the East Indiaman parted, each to their own destination.

82

Saturday, February 3rd 2018, 3:36am

Neat. :)

83

Thursday, February 8th 2018, 4:28pm

Ronne, Bornholm, Thursday, 29 July 1948

The Fisherman’s Quay lay in Ronne’s inner harbour, and the buildings of the Old Town were tourist attractions in their own right. But the two tourists who had arrived on the morning’s ferry from Sassnitz paid the architecture little heed. Their eyes were fixed upon a smart-looking fishing trawler tied up to the quay – one which sported several wireless antennas and eschewed the familiar down-at-heels look of a commercial fishing vessel.

“It is a match for the trawler spotted in Helsingfors,” said Ludwig Fahrenkrog. He was the taller of the two, and his civilian clothes hung on him suggesting he wore such garb infrequently.

“Yes, it does,” replied his companion, Martin Kippenberger – much shorter than Fahrenkrog, but moving in a manner that projected unexpected strength. “Have you noticed they have two crewmen on deck as lookouts?”

“Sentry elimination will be an issue,” Fahrenkrog replied.

They made their way across the square and sat down at one of the tables outside a restaurant. They were soon joined by two more tourists. Kippenberger asked, “How many crew are aboard her?”

Johannes Baader answered, “We’ve seen six different individuals come and go this morning, and two men are on deck at all time. That suggested at least eight.” Baader was precise and diligent. “A few kroner slipped to the harbourmaster got us the information that she reported nine plus her master when she put in two days ago.”

Kippenberger’s eyes narrowed. “That was a risk; if the mission blows up, you might be identifiable.”

Nevertheless, the four Germans continued their discussions in low tones. They were all specialists from the Kommando Spezialkräfte. The rest of Kippenberger’s team had arrived in twos and fours over the last several days, and were even now keeping the trawler under watch from other vantage points.

*****

The summer’s lingering twilight delayed putting Kippenberger’s plan into operation, but that turned out to work to the team’s advantage. A good number of the trawler’s crew went off to one of the taverns that lined the old harbour, trailed by a pair of Kippenberger’s team; these were briefed to delay or divert the trawler-men should such action be warranted. Other kommandos kept watch from the lengthening shadows. Near midnight Kippenberger and three other kampfschwimmer approached the trawler from across the harbour, the small boats which delivered them now retreating into the darkness.

Silently the four kampfschwimmer made their way to the trawler – two approaching the stern and two the bow. With practiced skill they silently made their way to the deck, where weighted coshes were used to render the posted sentries unconscious. Kippenberger left two of his kommandos on deck and with Baader went below, dealing silently with the trawler’s master in his cabin and the wireless operator at his station.

Methodically they gathered up any documents they found – Kippenberger noted that the majority were kept in English, though he knew this meant little. The extensive wireless equipment was of a mix of Nordish, Danish, Dutch, and even German manufacture – Baader secured as many of the identification labels as possible, together with call lists, message flimsies – written in what seemed to be Swedish – and a pouch-full of other useful documents. Ten minutes later the four Germans slipped back into the water, swimming out towards the waiting boats.

“Everything seems quiet,” Fahrenkrog whispered as the swimmers came back aboard the boats.

They made their way through the darkness to a deserted mole across the harbour, where the boats were sunk and any incriminating equipment consigned to the deep. A pre-positioned lorry, driven by another member of the team, hurried them to a safe house.

The following evening, with no alarm having been given by the trawler’s crew to the Danish authorities, the team departed on the evening ferry back to Sassnitz, where they were met by a representative of the Abwehr who was quite pleased to examine the intelligence material they had recovered.

84

Monday, February 19th 2018, 4:10pm

Marinestützpunkt Warnemünde, Monday, 2 August 1948

On the one hand Oberstleutnant Walter Koehler of the Abwehr wished that the Kippenberger’s team from the Kommando Spezialkräfte had brought back a prisoner, or two, for interrogation; on the other, he was thankful that there was no apparent fallout from the operation. Whoever it was running the surveillance trawlers had – it seemed – not made a complaint to the Danish authorities. That ‘who’ was his problem; the documents and other material recovered gave no clear answer.

Research had shown that the trawler itself had been built in the Aaland Islands – Nordish territory – but conveniently the record of who owned it had been expunged. This fact suggested connivance of the Nordish authorities but it was not an impossibility that a third-party could have arranged it. Most of the records taken aboard the trawler had been written in English – mostly reports of encounters with German, Russian, and Scandinavian warships in the four corners of the Baltic. Some of the more technical notes were actually in Polish – mostly relating to ciphers and wireless frequencies. From all Koehler knew of their intelligence services though he felt the Poles could not have brought this off by themselves.

Using the labels removed from the trawler’s equipment however Koehler found a pattern – purchased in a number of countries much of it had flowed through London in the names of several firm of questionable validity – he had forwarded the names to Schellenburg with a request to ascertain details on them. If the equipment flowed through London before ending up aboard the trawler that strongly suggested a link with British intelligence services. With the failure of their submarine expedition earlier in the year, Koehler felt certain that England would want to continue to try to monitor the Kriegsmarine’s training activities there – and the pattern of the trawlers – and he recall that there were at least two – pointed in that direction.

With the lack of definitive evidence however his report merely identified the British intelligence services as the probable perpetrators of the scheme. So he wrote Berlin, with the suggestion that if the opportunity arose that stronger action be taken to identify who was behind it.

85

Saturday, February 24th 2018, 1:18am

Marinestützpunkt Warnemünde, Friday, 6 August 1948

When Pavel Kozyukhin arrived at the headquarters of Konteradmiral Maximilian Glaser he was surprised to discover that Glaser already had a visitor – the former commander of the Lehr Division, Vizeadmiral Siegfried Engel.

“Good to see you Kozyukhin,” said Engel affably. “I understand that you continue to give our ships a worthy standard to live up to.”

“Thank you Admiral,” the Russian officer replied. “I believe my men have learned as much as they have taught.”

“Excellent,” Engel acknowledged. “I regret that Captain Morozov was unable to join us today, but we will have an opportunity to discuss matters with him.”

Kozyukhin detected that something was up. He noted that the chart tacked to the wall was not that of the Baltic but rather of the North and Norwegian Sea. For that matter, Engel had been reassigned to the German’s Atlantic Fleet, ending his official relationship with the training establishment in the Baltic. These speculations were suspended when Engel asked Glaser and Kozyukhin to take a seat.

“Gentlemen,” he began, “our French allies will be sending us a pair of cruisers that will join the Lehr Division temporarily for combined operations exercises. I expect that they will arrive later this month; the exact dates depend in large measure on their own training programme.”

Kozyukhin nodded. Doctrine and training between the French and Russian navies was similar enough that there should be little difficulty on that score, but between the French and German navies there was much familiarisation required.

“Once they arrive, we will begin training for a major exercise, which will be known as Pegasos – or Pégase as our allies would say. It will involve elements of the Lehr Division, as well as elements of the Atlantikflotte – and your destroyers as well Kozyukhin. If you will join me at the chart I shall explain…”

86

Tuesday, March 6th 2018, 6:02pm

Berlin, The Russian Federation Embassy, Sunday, 15 August 1948

Captain First Rank Konstantin Konstantinovich Khrenov took his duties as naval attaché quite seriously, and rather than enjoy a beautiful summer’s afternoon he had immured himself in his office, finishing his most recent report for transmission to Petrograd. He had returned the previous evening from Memel, where he had witnessed the completion of the German Navy’s latest submarines, the Engelhai and Fleckhai; as well as the ‘graduation ceremony’ of the leading pair of Type XXIII boats, the Koboldhai and Kragenhai.

He noted that German submarine doctrine had undergone a rapid evolution, and the distinctions between ‘oceanic’ and ‘coastal’ was now one of function rather than mere size. He was quite familiar with the fleet submarines of the Type XXI, which served as spearheads to German task forces. The new boats were much smaller, optimised for operating in constricted waters – the Baltic or, as he suspected, the North Sea. From all the he had been able to learn – and the Germans played their cards close to their vest in this instance – the Type XXIII were far more quiet than the previous generation of German submarines, with a great emphasis on submerged speed and agility. As he wrote he categorised them as a first-strike weapon; their radius was limited, as was their armament. But their stealth would serve them well in allowing them to reconnoitre an enemy’s waters with a good chance of escaping detection. He referred to Kozyukhin’s own observations on the difficulty his destroyers had in tracking Type XXIII boats during training exercises and the several times submarines had ‘ambushed’ his flotilla.

Khrenov also noted the novelty of the method under which the Type XXIII boats were constructed – the Schichau works build the boats in sections that were subsequently welded together. While his allies were somewhat evasive on the subject, he also believed that the Type XXIII boats had been constructed using a new type of steel alloy with superior yield strength, allowing them to dive deeper with greater safety. This, he suggested, might be better investigated by the scientific intelligence sub-section of Naval Intelligence independently of his own office, so as not to give offence.

87

Saturday, March 17th 2018, 12:30am

Artillery School Ship Brummer, Gdynia, 23 August 1948

It had been nearly a month since the Brummer had encountered one of the mysterious ‘fishing’ trawlers that had long shadowed the ship’s movements around the Baltic. Benzino found it unexpected and quite unusual that this would be so – unless someone had taken action to dissuade the operators of the trawlers to cease their activities.

In the highly compartmented world of naval intelligence it was not Benzino’s place to formally inquire as to what may or may not have happened. If it was necessary for him to know, he would be told. Privately though he speculated what could have happened.

88

Monday, March 26th 2018, 1:05am

Marinestützpunkt Warnemünde, Friday, 27 August 1948

Konteradmiral Maximilian Glaser was not entirely enamoured with the command arrangements of the Kriegsmarine; he preferred the older methods where shore-based administrative commands were entirely responsible whatever happened within their sphere. Now the operational task forces had much greater freedom to schedule their training cycles at their discretion; and that in turn had disrupted the training cycles for the Lehrdivision.

At the present moment Einzatzgruppe 71.2 was carrying a major amphibious training exercise off the southern shores of the island of Rügen, which interrupted the normal traffic out of Warnemünde as well as the civilian traffic out of Sassnitz. Several weeks ago it had been Einzatzgruppe 71.1, and Glaser had barely reordered the schedules of the ships under his command to make good the disruption before having to do so again for the current exercise. Protests to Konteradmiral Bachmann had gone unanswered.

He understood that operational training for the units of the fleet was important, but he could not understand why large-scale manoeuvres involving the naval landing forces was necessary at this point in time.

89

Thursday, March 29th 2018, 6:27pm

Marinestützpunkt Kiel, Tuesday, 31 August 1948

Vizeadmiral Siegfried Engel allowed himself a moment’s respite with the arrival at Kiel of the French cruisers Marseilles and Suffren; all the pieces of the game were now on the board and the task before him was to assure that the ships assigned to his command for the forthcoming operation were ready to work together – the ultimate test of Wachsame Entschlossenheit.

He flew his flag from the aircraft carrier Wallenstein, and would be accompanied in their mission by her sister Pappenheim; the air defence cruiser Lissa with the frigates Stockach, Gailingen, Chemnitz, and Mohlsdorf, would provide the inner screen for the aircraft carriers, while the destroyers of Captain Kozyukhin’s Thirteenth Destroyer Flotilla would provide the outer screen. Morozov’s Admiral Kolchak, with d'Estienne d'Orves’ cruisers and the heavy cruiser Admiral Hipper would form a scouting group loosely attached to the main body.

A knock at the door of his day cabin heralded the start of the conference at which he would lay out the details of the training programme for the next fortnight, and the general outline of Unternehmen Pegasos for the newcomers.

90

Monday, April 9th 2018, 8:38pm

Cruiser Marseilles, 56 dgs 6 min North, 18 dgs 46 min East, Monday, 6 September 1948

Capitaine D'Estienne d'Orves stood on the bridge of his ship and scanned the lowering horizon; here in the mid-Baltic summer was already beginning to fade – and the halcyon weather his crews had enjoyed since their arrival would soon change. To port was Marseilles’ squadron mate, the Suffren, to starboard the German cruiser Admiral Hipper, each at four or five cables length. The Russian rocket cruiser Admiral Kolchak was two miles ahead. Their present mission was to intercept a ‘convoy’ of ‘enemy merchantmen’ that had been sighted by search aircraft from Wallenstein.

“Signal from Admiral Kolchak mon Capitaine. Enemy in sight – two destroyers, four merchantmen – Bearing 020, distance five miles.”

“Signal to all ships: All ahead flank, intercept and open fire when in range.”

D'Estienne d'Orves smiled. If this were not a wargame the ‘convoy’ would be dead meat for his ships. Even Kozyukhin’s Pylkiy would be hard pressed to put up a serious fight against four cruisers. Thus far the crews from the three allied navies had worked well together; Admiral Engel had expressed his satisfaction at their last debriefing on the subject. He had sailed with the expectation of more difficulties from the Germans – the Russians and French having exercised together many times. But the exchange of liaison officers had quickly smoothed out the few issues that arose. He looked forward to commencing the next phase of their training.

91

Friday, April 27th 2018, 8:00pm

Cruiser Marseilles, The Sound, Friday, 17 September 1948

The Marseilles led the column into the waters betwixt Nordmark and Denmark – the Suffren followed, then the Admiral Hipper, then the Admiral Kolchak, and the Russian destroyers of the Thirteenth Flotilla in turn. In the narrow and busy channel close attention had to be paid to proper station-keeping; so too was it necessary to mind protocol, and offer the salutes to the Danes and to the Nords that tradition demanded; both bridge crews and deck crews were kept busy.

Capitaine D'Estienne d'Orves kept an easy eye on the Marseilles’ crew – he did not expect any difficulties with the passage through the Sound, nor the more open Kattegat and Skagerrak. All proper notice had been sent to advise both nations of the ship movements, and patrol craft of both the Danish and Nordish navies provided a watchful if distant escort. His mind however was on the rendezvous his ships would make in the North Sea once their transit was complete.