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Sunday, February 25th 2018, 1:42pm

Missiles and Rockets

List of Missiles to be placed here

AAM series

Powered Ranken Darts (PRD)

Unguided rockets

FFRD rocket

FFASR anti sub rocket

HVAGR (High Velocity Air to Ground Rocket)

Ballistic missiles

Air to air missiles

Surface to air missiles


Sunday, February 25th 2018, 1:43pm

Test/sounding rockets

AAM-1 'Triumph' (1934)
1.4m long
150kg take-off weight
3kN thrust FMA/ RRF RL-AO-101 'Bold' alcohol/ liquid oxygen rocket engine

AAM-2 'Silver' (1935-36)
1.6m long
107kg take-off weight
3kN thrust FMA/ RRF RL-AO-102 'Aqua' alcohol/ liquid oxygen rocket engine
The main difference between the AAM-1 and 2 is the use of Gyroscopes in the centre of the rocket between the alcohol and oxygen tanks for stabilisation.
Rockets Silver-4 to Silver-8 had an improved ‘Aqua’ engine with much improved reliability, featured new pumps and a basic automatic cut-off system.

AAM-3 (1937)
5.82m long; 0.78m diameter; 0.93m span over tail fins
900kg gross weight
14.7kN (3,305lb) thrust FMA/ RRF RL-AO-200 'Harmony' alcohol/ liquid oxygen rocket engine
The seventh and eighth AAM-3 rockets had revised gyroscope systems and modified FMA/ RRF RL-AO-202 rocket engines with new hydrogen-peroxide driven turbopumps.

AAM-4 'Black' (1939-40)
14m long; 1.65m diameter; 3.55m span over tail fins
12,815kg fully loaded
245kN (55,125lbs) thrust FMA/ RRF RL-AO-203 'Polyphony' alcohol/ liquid oxygen rocket engine
Fuel tanks held 3,850kg of alcohol (ethanol and water) and 5,000kg of liquid oxygen with a hydrogen peroxide tank for the turbo-pump machinery.

AAM-5 'Gold' (1943-44)
14.05m long, 1,68m diameter
12,000kg fully fuelled
950kg payload capacity
25,000kg-thrust FMA/RRF RL-AO-204 'Symphony' alcohol/ liquid oxygen rocket engine

The AAM-6 was an improved AAM-5 design with a new RL-AO-206 ‘Orchestra’ rocket motor allowing larger dimensions and improved performance. Design work began in April 1945 but the design was delayed until testing of the engine had been completed. No less than twenty RL-AO-206 engines were tested in the engine stands at Maquichao, Argentina.
Support equipment production began in June 1945 and work on the first bodies began two months later. The first AAM-6 lifted off from Maquichao on 20 August 1949. It flew for one minute and 20 seconds before suffering an engine failure and falling into the sea. Following this partial success, the second test was conducted on 27 January 27 1950, no problems were encountered and the rocket flew 55 miles. After these first two prototypes were flown, an improved RL-AO-206B engine was introduced to reduce problems with LOX turbopump cavitation. The third Platinum flight on 5 May was a total loss as the engine cut off one second after launch, causing the rocket to fall back on the pad and explode. Stand No.2 was out of action for eight months and tests shifted to Stand No.3. Stand No.1 was used in static tests for the engine and no less than twenty firings were made between 20 May and 14 November 1950. On 23 September Platinum-4 made a successful launch, followed by two more launches before Christmas, both containing scientific payloads.
In mid-1947 Mr. Minia’s design team began work on two variants, the AAM-6A with a larger fuel tank, increased in length by 1.8 m (6 ft), and the military AAM-6B (codenamed Diamond).


Monday, February 26th 2018, 11:57am

Powered Rankin Dart

A crude powered rocket with a steel piercing cap, behind which was placed a warhead placed inside a shrapnel casing, first designed for use against Airships rumored to be building with crude armour to defend against incendiary bullets. With the lack of these type of airships actually being built the weapon was repurposed for use against bombers. Initially the weapons proved successful in tests but the method of delivery was less than successful as it required the aircraft it was mounted on to fly under an enemy bomber and fire the weapon upward, which was a difficult task in the heat of battle and increasing weapons load out on newer heavy bombers. The type was eventually abandoned for shorter, more powerful horizontally fired weapons that were mounted externally, which increased the their versatility with regards to which aircraft could mount them.

PRD type 1

Weight: 150lbs (68kg)
Warhead: 5lb (2.26kg)
Diameter: 50mm (1.97")
Date of service: 1934-1936


Monday, February 26th 2018, 12:19pm

Unguided rockets

The PRD program by 1935 was less than successful largely due to the method of firing the weapon in addition to size of the warhead being insufficient for destroying large heavily armed bombers. In order for the weapons to cause enough damage aircraft delivering them onto the target aircraft had to get close enough to land a substantial number of hits in a tight spread. It also had to do this from a very specific attack angle, from below. It was decided that externally mounted rockets were more versatile in terms of deployment and modifications to aircraft intended to carry them. With the increased range these new weapons required a larger warhead was needed to ensure damage to the target and the 5.1" naval AA round was selected. The result was the Forward Firing Rankin Dart or FFRD. The weapons low speed resulted in reduced accuracy at long range due to the warheads weight. The FFRD was a significant improvement over the PRD but found better success as an air to ground weapon. This weapon was later used as a basis for an Anti-Sub Rocket (FFASR)


Weight: 90lbs (40.8kg)
Length: 5'.6" (171m)
Diameter: Warhead 5.1" (130mm), motor 3.6" (91.4mm)
Warhead: High explosive
Warhead weight: 66.3lbs (30kg)

Engine: solid fuel rocket
Range: 1 mile (1.6km)
Speed: 465 mph (748.3kmh)


The FFASR (Forward Firing Anti-Sub Rocket) was developed from the FFRD which has been in service for several years. With the heavy weight of the warhead of the FFRD effecting accuracy at long range a quick fix was to use a lighter warhead. This was made easier by the use of a solid steel mass for the nose, which used kinetic energy to pierce a submarines pressure hull.


Weight: 56lbs (25.4kg)
Length: 4'.7" (1.43m)
Diameter: Warhead 3.95" (100mm), motor 3.25" (83mm)
Warhead: None, kinetic energy 20lb steel nose

Engine: solid fuel rocket
Range: 4953 feet (1400m)
Speed: 1045 mph (748.3kmh)


The HVAGR (High Velocity Air to Ground Rocket) was developed to replace the FFRD in its later air to ground role as the FFRD proved more successful in this role while other weapons fulfilled the role of air to air weapon. The HVAGR addressed the issue of accuracy at long range that the FFRD suffered from by using a much more powerful rocket motor to give the desired flat trajectory.


Weight: 134lbs (61kg)
Length: 61' (173cm)
Diameter: Warhead 5.1" (130mm), motor 5" (127mm)
Warhead: RDX/TNT composite
Warhead weight: 7.5lbs (20.6kg)

Engine: solid propellant (Ballistite) rocket motor
Speed: 1,375 fps (419m/s) plus speed of launching aircraft


Monday, February 26th 2018, 12:59pm

Ballistic missiles


Tuesday, February 27th 2018, 11:34pm

Air to Air Missiles

A-AM-1 (Airforce Air-to-Air Missile)
In 1946 the Atlantean airforce approached the Aspis Arsenal works (later Roth-Aero was also brought into the research project) to design a guided missile to be fired from aircraft at enemy bombers. The result of the research was the A-AM-1 Wasp missile. Test firing of the missiles began in late 1947 launched from the venerable Vanquish bomber and later the Spartan Sabre. The Wasp missile was a two stage weapon with cruciform wings and tail fins. The missile body was made from aluminium alloy and the control fins and nose cone were made of plastic. It was guided to the target initially by radio control mid course until the missiles active homing radar picked up the target.

Tests were reasonably successful although the missile was limited to clear weather daytime use. It was also already becoming obsolete with the speed of modern jets but was still useful vs. older, slower prop driven aircraft. Never the less it proved to be a useful learning tool for subsequent missile designs such as the A-AM-2 Guayota


A-AM-1 Wasp

Weight: 260lbs (120kg)
Length: 7'.6" (2.29m)
Diameter: 8"
Warhead: High explosive
Warhead weight: 90lbs (41kg)

Engine: two stage solid fuel rocket/liquid fuel sustainer
Range: 8 mile (13km)
Speed: Mach 0.85
Guidance system: Mid course radio guided, terminal active homing radar

A-AM-2 Guayota
Developement of the Guayota began in 1947 and as the A-AM-1 Wasp was quickly becoming obsolete developement of this weapon picked up in pace. First tested in 1949 showed great improvement over the Wasp but was still less than ideal for shooting down fighters as it had poor manueverability and when first introduced it lacked its proximity fuse thereby requiring a direct hit to down the target. Later when a proximity fuse and heat seeking capabilities were added it became slightly more reliable. The heat seeking guidance also negated radar jamming of the weapon. It entered production in 1951.


A-AM-2 Guayota
Weight: 134.5lbs (61kg)
Length: 6'.6" (1.98m)
Diameter: 6.5"
Warhead: high explosive, proximity fuse
Warhead weight: 7.5 lbs (3.4kg)

Engine: solid fuel rocket
Range: 6 mile (9.7 km)
Speed: Mach 3.0
Guidance system: Mid course radio guided, later heat seeking


Monday, March 5th 2018, 11:44am

Surface to air missiles

The A-SAM-1 Dragon was designed as a surface based anti-air weapon that was based on the AAM series of test missiles, specifically the AAM-5, but scaled down to roughly 1/4 size as the missile only needed to reach the altitude of bombers before detonation. The missile would be fired from special bases in strategic locations and guided to the target by manual command to line of sight using radio guidance. Once the missile had reached the bomber stream the proximity fuse would detonate the missiles warhead which would create a blast large enough to bring down several bombers.


A-SAM-1 Dragon

Weight: 8200lbs (3700kg)
Length: 25.8 feet (7.85m)
Diameter: 8' 3" (2.51m)
Warhead: liquid explosive
Warhead weight: 675lbs (306kg)

Engine: liquid fuel rocket motor
Range: 16 mile (25km)
Speed: 1,700 mph (2,735 km)
Guidance system: manual command to line of sight, proximity fuse detonation