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Tuesday, November 28th 2017, 12:19pm

China Coast Guard (CCG)



The Empire of China operated several separate maritime law enforcement agencies in the past. These services operated ships as well as their own small aviation units to assist their maritime patrol capabilities. These agencies were often referred to as the "Two Dragons". In December 1947, the government of China announced it would form a unified Coast Guard commanded by the China Maritime Safety Administration. During wartime the Coast Guard will be placed under the operational control of the Chinese Navy. It will be in operation from January 1948.


"The Two Dragons:"
The former China Marine Surveillance & Coast Guard (CMSCG), created on 12 November 1931 - after the El-Derretir epidemic, was a paramilitary maritime law enforcement agency. The force was responsible for enforcing laws and order within China's territorial waters, and shores; protecting the maritime environment, natural resources, navigation aids and other facilities; and carrying out maritime surveys. In emergencies, these forces could also be deployed for other missions such as search and rescue.

The former Chinese Coastal Command was the successor of the Chinese Air Force Sea Rescue Services which coordinated maritime search and rescue in the territorial waters of the chinese empire, Maritime Law enforcement, aids to navigation support (such as operating lighthouses and fire ships), and marine environmental protection.


China Coast Guard (CCG):
The current China Coast Guard serves as a coordinating body for patrolling of territorial waters and disputed territories, anti-smuggling and anti-piracy, maritime policing and ship inspections, harbour and coastal security, research and survey, Search and Rescue, Fisheries Protection and maritime customs service.
The organization is divided into 9 districts, which correspond to the individual coastal provinces. The number of bases (Coast Guard Stations and Coast Guard Air Stations) differ from district to district. The HQ of the Coast Guard is at Qingdao and the CCG is commanded by Vice Admiral Ma Lianxiang, the districts are commanded by a Rear Admiral, and the individual fleets are led by a Captain.

The largest operational unit of the CCG is a CCG flotilla, which is a regimental-level unit in China’s military administrative hierarchy. Every coastal province has 1 to 3 Coast Guard flotillas. Currently there are twenty CCG flotillas across the country:


District Guangxi:
Coast Guard Station Fangcheng
1st Flotilla - Fangcheng
Coast Guard Air Station

Coast Guard Station Beihai
2nd Flotilla - Beihai
Coast Guard Air Station


District Guangdong:
Coast Guard Station Liusha Harbor
1st Flotilla - Liusha Harbor
Coast Guard Air Station

Coast Guard Station Shantou (Swatow)
2nd Flotilla - Shantou (Swatow)
Coast Guard Air Station

Coast Guard Station Yangjiang
3rd Flotilla - Yangjiang
Coast Guard Air Station


District Fujian:
Coast Guard Station Amoy
1st Flotilla - Amoy (Xiamen)
Coast Guard Air Station

Coast Guard Station Foochow
2nd Flotilla - Fuzhou (Foochow)
Coast Guard Air Station

Coast Guard Station Ningde
3rd Flotilla - Ningde (Mindong)
Coast Guard Air Station


District Zhejiang:
Coast Guard Station Wenzhou
1st Flotilla - Wenzhou

Coast Guard Station Ningbo
2nd Flotilla - Ningbo
Coast Guard Air Station


District Jiangsu:
Coast Guard Station Nantong
1st Flotilla - Nantong
Coast Guard Air Station


District Shandong:
Coast Guard Station Qindao
HQ of the CCG
1st Flotilla - Qingdao
Coast Guard Air Station
Coast Guard Trainingcenter

Coast Guard Station Laizhou Bay
2nd Flotilla - Laizhou Bay
Coast Guard Air Station

Coast Guard Station Weihai
3rd Flotilla - Weihai
Coast Guard Air Station


District Hebei:
Coast Guard Station Tianjin
1st Flotilla - Tianjin
Coast Guard Air Station


District Fengtian:
Coast Guard Station Ningbo
1st Flotilla - Yingkou
Coast Guard Air Station

Coast Guard Station Ningbo
2nd Flotilla - Dandong
Coast Guard Air Station


District Formosa:
Coast Guard Station Yilan
1st Flotilla - Yilan
Coast Guard Air Station

Coast Guard Station Pescadores Island
2nd Flotilla - Makung
Coast Guard Air Station

Coast Guard Station Taitung
3rd Flotilla - Taitung
Coast Guard Air Station

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Tuesday, November 28th 2017, 1:53pm

Coast Guard Station

Coast Guard Station
The Coast Guard carries out regular patrols and inspections in China’s coastal waters and shorelines using own vessels and aircrafts. These vessels are managed by a Coast Guard Station. In a Coast Guard Station all facilities are placed to support, maintain and facilitate the missions of the sea and air units, e.g. radio operating systems, radar systems, refueling and and all other needed support facilities.


Coast Guard Air Station
A Coast Guard Air Station provides aviation support for the China Coast Guard. The Coast Guard operates aircraft from 19 Coast Guard Air Stations in the Chinese Empire. Fixed-wing aircraft and also flightboats for long range missions are stationed and also helicopters operate from Air Stations and flight deck equipped cutters.

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Tuesday, November 28th 2017, 4:39pm

Equipment of the China Coast Guard

Vessels:
CCG ships are painted white with blue stripes and wording "China Coast Guard" in English and Chinese. The call signs for the coast guard ships are:

  • PLH-XX (Patrol Vessel Large with Helicopter – Houbei-Class)
  • PL-XX (Patrol Vessel Large - 165foot Cutter or Luhai-Class)
  • PM-XX (Patrol Vessel Medium - 125foot Cutter or Ju-Class)
  • PS-XX (Patrol Vessel Small)



Aircrafts:
The aircraft of the CCG have the call sign "Albatross" and is followed by a number. These aircrafts are painted in white with the blue "racing stripes" and wording "China Coast Guard" in english and chinese.



Percival Prince in service of the CCG



Weather Ships:
A weather ship or weather observation ship is a stationary ship on the ocean, equipped with meteorological instruments. On this meteorological observations are consistently done and are reported via radio at the synoptic hours of 0000, 0600, 1200 and 1800. Weather ships also serve as medical emergency stations and rescue aircraft mission platforms. In addition to the special weather ships also merchant ships can send weather reports. The scope of weather observation on a weather ship includes the same weather elements as an observation at a land station, extended by elements such as water temperature, wave height, wave period, the direction from which the waves come from, the height of an existing swell and its direction.



Light Ships:
A lightship is a manned or unmanned vessel anchored at a certain position and equipped with a beacon similar to a lighthouse that serves as a navigational sign of maritime navigation. Light ships usually carry a white-red color scheme and are provided on the side wall with a clearly visible name for the position. These ships are always on a fixed position and are also entered in the nautical charts and other navigation aids. These vessels have light beacons (similar to a lighthouse), beacons for fog (fog horns, signal guns), radio and underwater sounders (sonar), passive radar reflectors and other aids to report quickly their position at any time to passing or these position-seeking ships. Light ships are anchored at seafaring positions where due to the depth of the water or due to the nature of the ground a lighthouse could not be erected or only with great effort. Daytime signs such as balls or cones hoisted in a prominent location signaling to the other ships that the lightship is in position. The lightship also contains sleeping and recreation rooms for the crew and additional spaces for possible shipwrecked persons.