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Tuesday, July 19th 2016, 9:47pm

RAF Specifications 1948

As is customary for Q3 of a year, the annual look ahead at what is cooking in the minds of the Air Staff and what requirements will soon be winging its way to the aircraft manufacturers who will soon be scribbling furiously on drawing boards and calculating on slide rules.

B.9/48: Issued to BCAC to cover the Type 660 bomber selected as the interim winner of B.35/46.

B.21/48: Issued to BCAC for a target marker variant of the Type 660 which will overfly target at 5,000ft at high speed. First flight planned 1950 with service entry in 1951.

E.1/48: Issued to Bevan Bros. Aeronautical Engineers Ltd. for research into ramjet-powered helicopter rotor blades and manufacture of a test rotor and hub for mounting on a light helicopter.

E.6/48: Issued to Handley Page to cover a flying model of the H.P.80 tender to B.35/46 to carry out research into crescent shape wings and T-tail configurations, the scale model being designated H.P.88.

E.7/48: Issued for a jet-powered target aircraft drone.

E.15/48: Issued to Avro for three one-third scale flying prototypes of the Type 698 tender to B.35/46 one for high-speed and two for low-speed research. The scale prototype design is designated Type 707.

E.16/48: Issued to Fairey for a five-seat compound helicopter with two pusher rotors on stub wings and two tip-jet rotors powered by a 520hp Leonides radial engine based on the Gyrodyne as the Jet Gyrodyne.

F.3/48: A reissuing of Spec F.43/46 covering the analysis of changes made to the Hawker and BCAC submissions since 1946.
The contenders are;
BCAC (Bristol) Type 177; a new contender and three variants offered. The first, 177A, has two stacked reheated Avon mounted above and below mid-mounted wing with large nose intake, 56 degree swept wing, T-tail, two ADEN below intake with radar in centre bullet. 177B has side-by-side engines in a flatter fuselage and the 177C has solid nose with side intakes and a 65 degree swept wing.
Hawker P.1064; compared to the P.1054 aerodynamic refinement was not allowed to compromise a simple structure. The swept wings are fitted with simple straight-through spars and is now in the low-position. The AJ.65 Avon engines are moved to behind cockpit with side intakes and new T-tail fitted. Armament is three ADEN in nose.
Hawker P.1065; similar to the P.1064 but with cutback intakes and tail jet-pipe, only a single Avon would be fitted and provision for a 2,000lb Snarler rocket.
BCAC (Vickers) offers the Type 526, a de-navalised Type 525.

F.4/48: A reissuing of Spec F.44/46 covering the analysis of changes made to the AIRCO De Havilland DH.110 submission since 1946 and covering a production contract award for this aircraft.

H.10/48: Issued to Saro for a Crop Spraying variant of the W.11T Air Horse.

S.14/48: Issued to Fairey for the Widgeon helicopter in the air-sea rescue role.

T.12/48: Issued to BCAC for a conversion trainer variant of the W.38 Wyvern.

T.16/48: Issued to Percival to cover the P.84 Jet Provost trainer.

T.17/48: Issued to Fairey to cover trials of the Fairey Primer (Tipsy M) prototype G-AKSY in the basic training role.


Saturday, July 23rd 2016, 5:43pm


BCAC Commercial Airliners - Modernity Today

The BCAC design staffs at Filton and Weybridge have developed an outstanding range of airliners suited for all future requirements covering a range of stage-lengths and passenger capacity combined with the most modern innovations in turbine technology.

Type 167 BC.2 Britannia Series 200
This was the first of the Britannia series to be developed and flown. The BC.2 is the largest in terms of gross weight and was designed for very long Transatlantic and Transcontinental routes.
The Britannia was the first British airliner with full powered flying controls, electric engine controls and high-pressure hydraulics. A flight crew of four iss carried plus a cabin crew and up to 90 day passengers (61 is the most common arrangement on transatlantic routes) or 36 sleeper berths. The first prototype G-AGPW made its first flight on 4th September 1945 at Filton under the control of Chief Test Pilot A.J. Pegg. Today, BOAC is taking delivery of twenty of these aircraft, the first production airliner G-AKGH made its first commercial service in September 1947.
Span: 142ft 3in
Length: 124ft 3in
Height: 36ft 8in
Wing area: 2,075 sq ft
Loaded weight: 155,000lbs
Engines: 4x 5,000hp Bristol Twin Centaurus I 36-cylinder quad-row piston engines with superchargers
Max speed: 395mph
Cruising speed: 362mph
Maximum range: 4,828 miles
Service ceiling: 30,500ft

Type 167 BC.2 Britannia Series 210
The Series 210 takes the airframe of the Series 200 and marries it to four Armstrong Siddeley ASP.3 Python 3 propeller-turbine engines. The first 210 Series prototype, the third pre-production Series 200 aircraft G-AGRF, first flew on 22 July 1947 with the new engines. BOAC have 25 of these aircraft on order and the first will be delivered during 1949. BOAC also has expressed interest in a higher gross weight version with 99 passenger seats as the Series 215.
Span: 142ft 3in
Length: 124ft 3in
Height: 36ft 8in
Wing area: 2,075 sq ft
Loaded weight: 155,000lbs
Engines: 4x 3,670shp + 1,180lbs Armstrong Siddeley ASP.3 Python 3 propeller-turbines
Cruising speed: 357mph at 22,000ft
Maximum range: 4,600 miles
Service ceiling: 24,000ft

Type 175 BC.3 Britannia Series 110
The BC.3 shares the same airframeas the BC.2, with a shorter fuselage, but has been optimised for medium-range routes. The BC.3 uses the new Bristol Proteus propeller-turbines, one of the most powerful in the world at the current time. The first Series 110 prototype G-ALBO was first flown on 16 August 1947 by Chief Test Pilot A.J. Pegg at Filton. BOAC have ordered 25 Series 110 aircraft, which have the capacity to carry 74 passengers. The first aircraft will begin commercial services during spring 1949.
Span: 142ft 3in
Length: 114ft
Height: 36ft 8in
Wing area: 2,075 sq ft
Loaded weight: 115,000lbs
Engines: 4x 3,900shp Bristol Proteus II propeller-turbines
Max speed: 395mph
Cruising speed: 357mph at 20,000ft
Maximum range: 4,430 miles
Service ceiling: 24,000ft

Type 175 BC.3 Britannia Series 150
The Series 150 combines the airframe of the Series 210 with the Proteus engines and fuel system of the Series 110 to seat 139 passengers on high-demand routes. Current orders for this version include 30 for BEA and 18 for BOAC and commercial services should begin during 1950.
Span: 142ft 3in
Length: 124ft 3in
Height: 36ft 8in
Wing area: 2,075 sq ft
Loaded weight: 150,000lbs
Engines: 4x 4,120shp Bristol Proteus III propeller-turbines
Max speed: 397mph
Cruising speed: 357mph at 20,000ft
Maximum range: 4,200 miles
Service ceiling: 24,000ft

Type 175 BC.3 Britannia Series 300
The Series 300 is an all-cargo freighter version of the Series 150 with a forward fuselage cargo door. BOAC shall receive the first of five aircraft on order during 1949.
The RAF has also shown strong interest and the Series 301 is being developed to meet their needs and should enter service during 1950.

Type 630 VC.2 Viscount
Designed by Rex Pierson t Weybridge, this modern feederliner has been developed to cover the European air traffic and US air traffic markets. It is powered by four Rolls-Royce Dart turbine-propeller engines and has accommodation for 32 passengers in a pressurised cabin. The prototype, G-AHRF, was first flown on July 16 1947 by Joseph Summers. BEA ordered 20 Type 630s off the drawing board and commercial services should begin in August 1949.
Further development is the V.700 with a longer cabin for 48 passengers and extended-span wings which should fly during 1949 and enter commercial service in 1950.
Span: 89ft
Length: 74ft 6in
Height: 26ft 3in
Wing area: 885 sq ft
Maximum take-off weight: 45,000lbs
Engines: 4x 1,600shp + 370lb Rolls-Royce RB.53 Dart II propeller-turbines
Economic cruising speed: 310mph
Maximum range: 1,100 miles or 710 miles with full payload and reserves
Service ceiling: 23,750ft

Span: 983ft 8in
Length: 81ft 2in
Height: 26ft 9in
Wing area: 963 sq ft
Maximum take-off weight: 63,000lbs
Engines: 4x 1,740shp + 400lb Rolls-Royce RB.53 Dart III propeller-turbines
Max cruising speed: 324mph
Economic cruising speed: 310mph
Maximum range: 1,340 miles or 690 miles with full payload and reserves
Service ceiling: 25,000ft


Saturday, October 15th 2016, 12:49pm

The History of British Guided Weapons

BEN, devised by Flt. Lt. Benson of the Royal Aircraft Establishment in 1943. BEN is guided by a RDL Searchlight Controller 9X controlled-searchlight, the missile having four photoelectric cells on the wingtips, being tracked from 50ft altitude. The missile has two 3in solid-fuel cordite rockets, four control nozzles in the nose keeps the missile on track, accuracy is within 200ft of the target, when the 9X shows the missile and target in the same area the searchlight is switched off and the photoelectric cells trigger the warhead. Trials were made from Aberporth during 1945 but a proposed naval mount which fitted a launch rail to a standard searchlight was abandoned.

Brakemine, late in 1942 Lt. Sedgefield and Major Scott of REME conceived a beam-riding rocket (Guided Anti-Aircraft Projectile, GAP) and electrical engineers L.H. Bedford and S. Joffeh at Cossors Ltd. working on a similar scheme joined the programme which had the backing of the then G.O.C of AA Command, General Frederick Pile in 1943. The missile is powered by six 3in solid-fuel cordite rockets and launched from a modified 3.7in AA gun mounting with a rail replacing the gun. Control is by ‘twist and steer’ using the tailplanes differentially as ailerons and elevators. Guidance is by flying along the radio-beam from a modified RDF AA gun director. The first firings were made in September 1944 and were the first use of telemetry during guided-projectile trials. Although a reasonable success plans to introduce the type into service in 1947 with AA Command were abandoned.

Little Ben, in 1946 the Air Staff began looking at the possibility of developing an air-to-air GAP. Little Ben was based on Brakemine, the missile is powered by three 3in solid-fuel cordite rockets in a new streamlined body mid-body and tail fins (jettisoned on rocket burnout) with four small rudders and two ailerons on the nose. It was with fitted with the guidance system of Brakemine. Trials were made from 1947 as Long Shot to undertake development of aerodynamics and beam-guided control. Two Mosquito B.Mk.I aircraft were fitted with two underwing launch rails and an AI set and new nose from the night-fighter variant for the tests. The Telecommunications Research Establishment (TRE) at Malvern built all the Long Shot rockets.

CTV.1, developed from Long Shot in 1948 the CTV.1 (Component Test Vehicle) was unpowered and featured a new body with four rectangular wings and rudders and ailerons at the rear. Diameter was 5in (12.7cm) and length 5ft (1.52m). For launch it was boosted by three 3in solid-fuel cordite rockets for 10secs. The CTV.1 was developed to develop beam-riding control systems (AI.Mk.9 RDL). All were built by the TRE.

Fighter-Controlled Spaniel, developed from 1943 from the ground-launched Spaniel GAP. It was a basic 3in rocket projectile fitted with four lifting surfaces and four pop-out rudders and ailerons. Control was by command guidance via radio link, controlled by a RDF operator with a CRT display and a joystick, the missile return being ‘steered’ on the CRT into the target return. Range was 2,000 yards and speed 784mph speed. A Mosquito B.Mk.I aircraft was fitted with two underwing launch rails and an AI set in a modified new nose for the tests. Due to low accuracy and problems with gathering into the radio-beam (the time of flight was too quick for manual control) the trials were abandoned in 1944.

Artemis, a development of FC Spaniel by Flt. Lt. Benson of RAE during 1944. Simpler than FC Spaniel it only had four control surfaces and was uncontrolled in roll, the free rotating head being equipped with a radio-wave reflection signal seeker which rotated in an opposite direction to the body. The seeker had an oblique view and operated a deflection flap system to direct the missile on a curved course to the target. Although reasonably accurate the range was too short due to the reliance on the 3in cordite rocket and launch had to take place within the firing range of defensive guns on the target bomber. Trials ceased in 1946.

LOP/GAP, Isaac Lubbock of the Fuel Oil Technical Laboratory had co-operated with the Rocket Propulsion Establishment, Westcott (RPE) in developing a petrol/LOX rocket engine codenamed Lizzie during 1946. LOP/GAP was the culmination of Brakemine and Ben with both programmes effectively merged into one. The missile had six 3in solid-fuel cordite rockets as a booster unit and one Lizzie sustainer motor. Diameter is 9in (22.8cm) and length 16ft (4.87m); maximum speed M1.25. In 1947 the Air Staff called for a supersonic GAP with a ceiling of 40,000ft and the Admiralty were writing a similar requirement and the name Seaslug was applied to the naval version informally. As RAE continued work on LOP/GAP it became a research tool.

RTV.1, a development of LOP/GAP, essentially the same vehicle but with only one set of four control fins with differential control. To aid recovery over water the RTV.1 was fitted with a parachute recovery device. The RTV.1E was used for beam-riding trials from 1948 at Aberporth.

Red Hawk, in January 1945 the Air Staff issued OR.1056 for a collision-course air-to-air missile with either IR or RDF guidance. RAE research led to an unpowered dart design launched from the fighter by four strap-on boost motors by late 1947. By the summer of 1948 OR.1056 had been abandoned as too ambitious.

Green Lizard, during 1947 Dr. Barnes Wallis at BCAC (Vickers-Armstrongs) began work on a GAP equipped with flip-out variable-geometry wings, powered by a small turbojet and launched from a gun like a projectile. Trials were undertaken with a rocket-sled launched models with VG wings as Wild Goose, the first test was at RAE Thurleigh in 1950.

GWS.1 Seaslug, as LOP/GAP developed the RAE treated the type as a research type, but the Admiralty were keen to use it as an operational type and were informally calling the type Seaslug by 1947. Development was passed to Armstrong-Whitworth, Sperry Gyro and General Electric as Project 502. The configuration and engine changed to suit Naval requirements, the petrol/LOX rocket giving way to the kerosene/fuming nitric acid fuelled NK.1 engine and four solid-fuel rocket boosters were used for launch. Beam-riding guidance was fitted, using the new Type 901 set, based on the LRS-1 gunnery control director system.

Blue Sky, the failure of the ambitious Red Hawk led to the Ministry of Supply involving industry in the development process. OR.1088 was written in August 1948 for a beam-riding air-to-air missile, making use of the guidance systems of Little Ben and Long Shot and the missile layout of the RAE Red Hawk; an unpowered dart with two Stork wrap-around boost motors, with canted nozzles to impart spin to the missile. Length is 9.3ft (2.83m), weight 330lb (150kg). After launch the missile would accelerate to M2.4 in 2 seconds and after booster separation the dart would glide to the target, maximum range being 1.9 miles (3.05km). Guidance was beam-riding from the EKCO RDF, Ranging Mk.2 set in the fighter.

Popsy, the Admiralty issued requirement GD 81/48 in 1948 for a point defence naval surface-to-air missile and led to work beginning on Popsy by 1950.

[To be continued as IC timeline permits. All this should be considered OOC knowledge apart from some aspects of the historical stuff abandoned for future development.]


Saturday, March 25th 2017, 12:40pm

Updated list of British and Empire airlines.

State-Owned Airlines

British Overseas Airways Corporation B.O.A.C.

Current Fleet
19 Short S.32 Sandringham II
24 Avro 688 Tudor
24 Handley Page H.P.66 Hermes
20 Handley Page H.P.74 Hermes II
20 BCAC Type 167 BC.2 Britannia Series 200 (future deliveries: 25 Series 210 1949-50, 10 Series 215 1950-51)
BCAC Bristol Type 175 BC.3 Britannia Series 110 (future deliveries: 25 1949-50, 5 Series 300 1949-50, 18 Series 150 1950-52)
De Havilland DH.106 Comet 1 (future deliveries: 12 1949-51)
10 De Havilland D.H.95 Flamingo
6 D.H.95 Flamingo Mk.II
20 Miles Marathon
3 Short S.26 G Class
15 Short S.35 S Class
35 Short S.45 Solent
Services flown;
Poole-Foynes-Lisbon-Azores-Bermuda-Baltimore returning Bermuda-Lisbon-Poole four times weekly (flying boat)
Poole-Marignane-Valetta-Cairo-Habbaniya-Bharain-Jiwani-Karachi-Calicuta-Colombo-Rangoon-Sinagpore three times weekly (flying boat)
Poole-Marignane-Valetta-Cairo-Habbaniya-Bharain-Jiwani-Karachi three times weekly, this service connects with Qantas flying boat service to Australia (flying boat)
Croydon-Lydda-Karachi-Mumbai twice weekly
Croydon-Paris six times daily
Croydon-Paris-Brindisi-Athens-Alexandria-Cairo daily
Croydon-Lisbon-Safi-Cleito three times weekly
Croydon-Foynes shuttle flights for trans-Atlantic flying boat services when required
Cairo-Wadi Halfa-Khartoum-El Fasher-El Geneina-Maiduguri-Kano-Lagos twice weekly
Croydon-Lisbon-Gibraltar three times weekly
Cairo-Lydda-Baghdad-Basra three times weekly
Cairo-Luxor-Port Sudan-Aden three times weekly
Cairo-Nicosa-Ankara twice weekly
Cairo-Athens daily
Cairo-Damascus-Baghdad-Tehran three times weekly
Cairo-Port Sudan-Jeddah weekly
Cairo-Wadi Halfa-Khartoum-Malakal-Juba-Kisuma-Nairobi-Mombasa twice weekly
Cairo-Wadi Halfa-Khartoum-Malakal-Juba-Kisuma-Nairobi-Entebbe weekly
Cairo-Luxor-Wadi Halfa-Khartoum-Malakal-Juba-Kisuma-Nairobi-Kigali weekly
Cairo-Wadi Halfa-Khartoum-Jeddah-Kisuma-Mombasa-Dar es Salaam-Lindi-Maputo-Durban weekly (flying boat)
Lagos-Libreville-Luanda-Walvis Bay twice weekly (flying boat)
Rangoon-Mergui-Kuala Lumpur-Singapore three times weekly
Rangoon-Mergui-Kuala Lumpur-Singapore-Palembang-Jakarta three times weekly
Rangoon-Mergui-Kuala Lumpur-Singapore-Brunei twice weekly
Rangoon-Bangkok twice weekly
Rangoon-Pye-Mandalay-Myitkyina four times weekly
Rangoon-Mandalay-Kuming weekly
Singapore-Saigon-Hong Kong twice weekly (flying boat)
Bermuda-Nassau-Kingston-British Virgin Islands-St.Kitts & Nevis-Montserrat-Barbados twice weekly (flying boat)
Kingston-Bermuda-Baltimore weekly (flying boat)

British European Airways B.E.A.
Current Fleet
20 Avro 652D
8 Avro 685 York
45 Avro 689 Tudor II
BCAC Bristol Type 175 BC.3 Britannia Series 150 (future deliveries: 25 1950-51)
20 De Havilland D.H.95 Flamingo
20 D.H.95 Flamingo Mk II
50 BCAC VC.1 Viking
40 DH.97 Ambassador
BCAC Vickers Type 630 VC.2 Viscount (future deliveries: 20 1949-50, 20 V.700 1951)
50 Miles Marathon
Miles M.73 Herald (future delivery: 25 1949-51)
12 De Havilland D.H.89 Dragon Rapide
34 Avro 700 Ashton
6 H.P.77 Hampton (with Turbine Evaluation and Trials Unit)
Services flown;
Internal routes serve the following British airports; Gatwick (London), Heston, Rochford (Southend), Crawley, Brighton, Eastleigh (Southampton), Exeter, Cardiff, Bristol, Cambridge, Luton, Coventry, Birmingham, Speke (Liverpool), Blackpool, Manchester Ringway, Newcastle, Glasgow and Edinburgh.
Speke-Belfast four times daily
London-Speke-Dublin twice daily
London-Antwerp-Brussels twice daily
London-Brussels-Cologne-Basle-Zurich daily
London-Amsterdam three times daily
London-Brussels-Frankfurt-Berlin twice daily
London-Copenhagen daily
London-Milan-Rome daily
London-Coldmere-Oslo-Stockholm daily
London-Istres-Marseilles three times weekly
London-Paris-Stuttgart-Vienna-Belgrade-Athens daily
Luton-Hamburg three times a week
Bristol-Bordeaux-Madrid daily
Southend-Ostend three times daily summer and three times weekly winter
Ringway-London-Brussels-Frankfurt-Munich-Prague daily
Exeter-Brest-Bordeaux daily summer only
Brighton-Le Havre four times daily summer only
Edinburgh-Belfast twice daily
Edinburgh-Exeter-Dublin twice daily

British South American Airways B.S.A.A.
Formed in late 1942 as an independent branch of B.O.A.C. to serve the Caribbean and South America from Britain. The founding Director is former record-breaking Imperial Airways pilot Donald Bennett.
Current Fleet
19 Avro 685 York
7 Avro 688 Tudor
6 Avro 689 Tudor II
2 Avro 689 Tudor II freighters
10 H.P.70 Halton
1 Avro 652D
Services flown;
London-Bermuda non-stop three times weekly
London-Bermuda-Nassau-Kingston twice weekly
London-Cleito daily
London-Gaoth-Bermuda twice weekly
London-Gaoth-Bermuda-Kingston-Caracas twice weekly
London-Gaoth-Bermuda-Kingston-Bogota weekly
Kingston-Georgetown twice weekly
Kingston-Barbados daily
Kingston-Nassau-Bermuda-Halifax-Montreal twice weekly
Bermuda-Nassau-Kingston-Georgetown twice weekly

Falkland Islands Government Air Service, Port Stanley
Formed in 1945 to operate local flights between the islands and operated by Air Ministry crews.
Current Fleet
2 Miles M.57 Aerovan

Air Ministry Civil Flying Unit, Gatwick
Formed in 1942 to calibrate airport radio installations and provide pilots licencing and training on radio landing and navigation aids, instrument flying and blind-landing techniques.
Current Fleet
3 Airspeed AS.6 Envoy
6 Avro 652D
2 Cunliffe-Owen Concordia
1 BCAC VC.1 Viking

Independent Airlines

Aden Airways Limited

Established on 7 March 1949, as a wholly owned subsidiary of BOAC. It took over BOAC’s assets at Aden and scheduled operations were flown across the Arabian and Gulf region and into Sudan. On 1 February 1950, the aircraft were placed on the Aden (VR-A) register. Additional capacity for Hajj flights are handled by charters.
Current Fleet
6 DH.95 Flamingo Mk.II

Air Charters Ltd., Croydon Airport, London
A charter airline founded in 1947.
Current Fleet
2 DH.89 Dragon Rapide
1 Airspeed AS.6 Envoy

Airflight Ltd., Heathrow, London
A charter airline founded in 1948 by former Air Vice-Marshal Don Bennett to operate two Avro Tudor aircraft, both fitted as freighters. In 1949 the company was awarded government contracts for trooping charters to Egypt and ad hoc charters.
Current Fleet
2 Avro 711 Tudor III

Air Transport Charter (C.I.) Ltd., Jersey
A charter and cargo airline founded in 1947 to carry out passenger and cargo charters from the Channel Islands mainly to England.
Current Fleet
1 DH.89 Dragon Rapide
2 Miles M.57 Aerovan

Air Enterprises Ltd., Ringway, Manchester
A charter airline founded in 1944.
Current Fleet
7 Airspeed AS.6 Envoy

Air Freight Ltd., Gatwick Airport
Founded in 1944 to operate cargo freighting contracts to Empire destinations and across Europe. In June 1948 the company was acquired by British Eagle Ltd.
Current Fleet
6 Avro 711A Trader
6 Miles Merchantman

Air Malta
Operates flights to Taranto, Italy and Catania, Sicily and a longer daily route to Cairo via Alexandria as well as charter work.
Current Fleet
1 Cunliffe-Owen Concordia
3 Percival Q.6 Petrel
2 Miles Marathon

Airwork Limited, Gatwick Airport
Airwork was founded in 1928 by Nigel Norman and Alan Muntz at Heston Aerodrome in Middlesex. In 1935 due to a lack of adequate space Airwork relocated to Gatwick, where it continued with a contract to maintain Whitley bombers for the RAF. In June 1936, Airwork opened No. 11 RAF Elementary Flying Training School (EFTS) at Perth, Scotland, under contract to the Air Ministry. The company developed the accommodation and facilities and provided the aircraft. This was followed by No. 14 EFTS at Elmdon in July 1937. Airwork's other activities include contracting, aircraft servicing and maintenance, sale and purchase of aircraft, operation and management of flying schools and clubs, contract charter flying, overhaul and modification of aircraft, specialised aerodrome catering and aviation insurance. Airwork expanded into civil aviation, financed by its wealthy shareholders including; Lord Cowdray, Whitehall Securities, the Blue Star shipping line, Furness Withy and Thomas Loel Evelyn Bulkeley Guinness. Blackbushe Airport was the selected airfield and overseas charters were mainly flown to British Empire destinations. These include; twice weekly flights on behalf of the Sudanese government between Gatwick, Wadi Halfa and Khartoum, flights carrying Muslim pilgrims to and from Jeddah during the annual Hajj season. Airwork also manages the Egyptian airline Misrair.
Current Fleet
3 Douglas DC-3
4 BCAC VC.1 Viking
4 Avro 711 Trader
4 Miles Merchantman

Allied Airways (Gandar Dower) Ltd., Dyce Airport
Founded by Eric Gandar Dower in 1934 as Aberdeen Airways using his own Short Scion and operating from Dyce Airport, which Dower had built. In 1937 it adopted its current name and it also secured several mail contracts.
Current Fleet
4 DH.89 Dragon Rapide
6 Percival P.50 Prince
Percival P.64 Super Prince (future delivery 2 1949)
Services flown;
Aberdeen-Wick-Kirkwall daily (except Sundays)
Aberdeen-Wick-Kirkwall-Sumburgh daily (except Sundays)
Aberdeen-Wick-Thurso-Stromness three times weekly

Aquila Airways Ltd., Southampton
Founded in 1948 by Barry Aikman using two ex-BOAC Short S.45 Solent flying boats, mainly for freight work. In early 1949 Aquila obtained an association agreement with BEA under which they were permitted to operate scheduled services from Southampton to Lisbon and Madeira.
Current Fleet
2 Short S.45 Solent

Arabian Airways Ltd, Aden
Operates local charters and a weekly service to Muscat, Oman.
1 Miles Merchantman

Bahamas Airways Ltd., Oakes Airport, Nassau
Formed by Sir Harry Oakes in November 1936 as an air club (The Nassau Flying Club) and charter use. From 1945 the airline started a regular service to Miami.
Current Fleet
1 Douglas Dolphin
3 Handley Page Hermes II
Tribian Sponson (future delivery: 2 1948)
Services Flown;

Bermuda Flying School, Darrel’s Island Seaplane Station
Formed in early 1940 with two Luscombe seaplanes, the chief instructor is an American, Mr E. Stafford. Some charter work is undertaken.

Bond Air Services, Gatwick
A long-standing charter operator and aircraft repairer and sales agent.
Current Fleet
1 Handley Page Hermes I (operated on behalf of Peteair)
1 Handley Page Hermes II (ex-Union Air Services)
4 Avro 652D

Blue Line Airways, Brighton
A small charter operation that caters for the holiday market in the summer time. It flies regularly in the summer to Blackpool, Brighton, Southampton, Bournemouth and Norwich.
Current Fleet
5 Avro 652D

British Air Transport, Birmingham
A charter airline formed in 1944 by local business interests and ex-RAF pilots.
Current Fleet
6 Avro 652D

British Aviation Services Limited & Silver City Airways
In 1945, A.G. Lamplugh, head of the British Aviation Insurance Group, and Griffith J. Powell, its chief technical officer, persuaded BAIG’s shareholders to establish British Aviation Services as a new company to ferry US-built airliners to their European customers. The company was incorporated in 1946. Powell is also an adviser for the London-based mining company The Zinc Corporation. One of Powell's first visits to Broken Hill, Australia, also known as Silver City, made him decide on creating an air transport operator to serve the mining industry, to be named Silver City. Silver City Airways was incorporated on 25 November 1946. British Aviation Services has initially taken a 10% stake. It operates from Heathrow and flies to international destinations such as Kongo, Brazil, Australia and Canada for the mining industry.
Current Fleet (Silver City)
1 BCAC Type 170 Freighter (leased)
4 Douglas DC-3
3 Avro 685 York (leased)

British Eagle Ltd., Heathrow and Gatwick
Founded on 14 April 1948 by Harold Bamberg with a nominal capital of £100. Initial charter contracts are for transportation of fruit and vegetables. In June Eagle acquired the assets of Air Freight Ltd.
Current Fleet
2 Avro 685 York
6 Avro 711A Trader (ex-Air Freight)
6 Miles Merchantman (ex-Air Freight)

British West Indian Airways Ltd., Barbados
Current Fleet
3 Lockheed Model 18 Lodestar
5 Vickers VC.1 Viking
Services flown;
Barbados-Trinidad four times a week
Barbados-Trinidad via Grenada, St Vincent and St. Lucia weekly
Weekly ‘Round Robin’ Barbados-Antigua-St.Christopher-Antigua-St.Christopher-Antigua-Barbados

British Guiana Airways Ltd., Georgetown
In October 1937 received a three-year agreement with the government which agrees a subsidy and a set per-hour fee with a guaranteed minimum of 30 hours a year in return for first call on the airline’s services. It operates a passenger and mail service to the Mazaruni gold and diamond mines and the Rupununmi cattle fields.
Current Fleet
1 Percival P.50 Prince
1 Grumman Goose

British United Airlines
Formed in October 1943 by Whitehall Securities and the ‘Big Four’ railways companies and Gordon Olley to rationalise their investments in several smaller airlines which are facing strong competition from BEA. British and Foreign Aviation Ltd., Great Western & Southern Airlines Ltd. (operating as Channel Air Ferries), Isle of Man Air Services Ltd., Olley Air Service Ltd., Railway Air Services Ltd. and West Coast Air Services Ltd. have all been merged into one operation as British United Airlines. It has flight operations at Croydon, Speke Airport at Liverpool and the Isle of Man Airport at Derbyhaven.
Current Fleet
8 Avro 652C
16 Avro 652D
16 Avro 700 Ashton
4 DH.104 Dove,
6 DH.114 Heron (future deliveries 8 1948)
30 DH.95 Flamingo Mk II
12 DH.97 Ambassador
Routes flown;
Croydon-Brighton twice daily
Croydon-Bembridge twice daily
Croydon-Heston four times daily
Croydon-Birmingham-Liverpool-Isle of Man-Belfast-Glasgow daily
Croydon-Cardiff twice daily
Croydon-Birmingham-Nottingham daily
Croydon-Birmingham-Nottingham-Glasgow daily
Croydon-Bristol-Southampton daily (in summer extension to Shoreham)
Croydon-Brighton-Southampton-Bristol-Cardiff twice daily
Croydon-Cardiff-Belfast-Glasgow daily
Croydon-Liverpool three times daily
Croydon-Manchester three times daily
Liverpool-Birmingham-Nottingham twice daily
Liverpool-Birmingham-Manchester twice daily
Liverpool-Manchester- twice daily
Liverpool-Stoke-on-Trent-Birmingham daily
Liverpool-Glasgow twice daily
Liverpool-Belfast twice daily
Liverpool-Isle of Man-Belfast twice daily
Leeds-Blackpool-Isle of Man-Belfast daily
Isle of Man-Liverpool three times daily
Isle of Man-Blackpool-Liverpool twice daily
Isle of Man- Blackpool-Manchester twice daily
Isle of Man-Carlisle daily
Isle of Man-Glasgow daily
Isle of Man-Dublin daily
Manchester-Blackpool (summer only)
Penzance-Scilly Isles (summer only)
Bournemouth-Exeter-Plymouth-Penzance (summer only)
Cardiff-Teighmouth-Plymouth (summer only)

Burma and Malaya Air Services Ltd., Mandalay
Current Fleet
6 Percival Q.6 Petrel
5 DH.104 Dove
3 Miles Marathon
2 Miles Merchantman (future delivery 2 1949)
Miles M.73 Herald (future delivery: 12 1949-50)
4 DH.95 Flamingo Mk II
Services flown;
Internal services linking all the major towns and cities in Burma and Malaya with links between the two Colonies.

Channel Island Airways Ltd., The Airport, Jersey
Operates services to the Channel Islands of Alderney, Guernsey and Jersey from London, Southampton, Portsmouth, Shoreham, Exeter Plymouth and Dinard, France.
Current Fleet
4 DH.86 Dragon Four
2 Airspeed AS.6 Envoy
2 DH.95 Flamingo

CL Air Surveys Ltd., Ringway, Manchester
Operates charter photographic survey flights.
Current Fleet
2 DH.89 Dragon Rapide

East Anglian Flying Services
Founded in 1946 by Squadron Leader Reginald Jones as an aerial joy ride and air taxi business. Jones flies a from a landing strip near the Kent seaside town of Herne Bay and Southend Airport.
Current Fleet
1 DH Puss Moth

East African Airways Corporation
Founded 1 January 1946 and headquartered in the Sadler House in Nairobi, Kenya with its main operations base at Nairobi Airport. The airline is run by the East African Air Transport Authority for the British East Africa protectorates and colonies of Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. With an initial £50,000 capital, ownership of the company is split between Kenya (67.7%), Uganda (22.6%) and Tanganyika (9.7%). Management and technical expertise has been provided by BOAC. Sir Reginald Robbins is chairman.
Regional routes are; Nairobi–Mombasa–Tanga–Zanzibar–Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam–Zanzibar–Tanga–Mombasa–Nairobi, Nairobi–Moshi–Dar es Salaam, Nairobi–Kisumu–Entebbe, Nairobi–Eldoret–Kitale, Dar es Sallam–Zanzibar–Tanga, Dar es Salaam–Lindi, Mombasa-Lindi, Nairobi-Kigali and Dar es Salaam–Morogoro–Nduli–Southern Higlands–Chunya–Mbeya. A service to the Kongo is operated in conjunction with Koninklijke Kongo Luchtvaart Maatschappij (KKLM).
Current fleet
6 DH.89 Dragon Rapide
3 Lockheed Model 18 Lodestar
4 DH.104 Dove
4 DH.114 Heron

Elder Colonial Airways, Lagos, Nigeria
In January 1935 Imperial Airways completed negotiations with the Air Ministry for the creation of a route from Khartoum in Anglo-Egyptian Sudan to Nigeria. It was intended for the flights to terminate in Lagos, but because there were no airports which were suitable for operations, the flights terminated in Kano, and passengers connected to Lagos by train. Imperial Airways required an airline to operate between Kano and the Elder Dempster Lines docks in at Lame in Togo. Imperial Airways (West Africa) Limited was jointly formed between Imperial and Elder Dempster on 7 November 1935, and it was operated as Elders Colonial Airways. Imperial Airways (now BOAC) owns a half stake in the company and supplies all aircraft and personnel. Imperial Airways loaned a DH.86 Dragon Four. A weekly service from Kano to Porto-Novo in Benin commenced on 25 June 1938 with an Armstrong Whitworth Atlanta. Once an airport was opened at Lagos flights were undertaken direct from Sudan and Elder Colonial Airways operates daily Kano-Porto Novo and Kano-Lame routes. With the formation of the West African Airways Corporation in 1946, Elder Colonial’s contract with BOAC was replaced by a contract with WAAC.
Current Fleet
2 Miles Marathon (leased from BOAC)
1 Miles Merchantman
Miles M.73 Herald (future delivery: 2 1949-50)

Gulf Aviation Company, Bahrain
Established in 1949 by former RAF pilot Freddie Bosworth to operate scheduled feeder services between some of the Gulf states alongside charter/air taxi services, aircraft handling services and flying training services. Scheduled operations based in Bahrain commenced on 5 July 1950 to Doha (Qatar) and Sharjah (Trucial States) and on 28 September to Dhahran (Saudi Arabia).
Current Fleet
3 Avro 625D
1 de Havilland DH.86B Express
5 DH.104 Dove (future delivery 1951-52)

Henniken Smith & Co., London
Founded in 1947 to operate cargo charters, operates from Gatwick.
Current Fleet
1 Handley Page Hermes II

Hong Kong Airways
In 1946, Jardine Air Maintenance Company (JAMCo) had been formed to service the needs of airlines serving Hong Kong and Jardine Airways was formed as the general sales agent in Hong Kong and China of BOAC. Hong Kong Airlines was formed in 1947 by BOAC and Jardine, Matheson & Co. which is a feeder carrier to transport passengers from BOAC’s London to Hong Kong service to onward destinations in China and the Far East. Jardines are general sales agents of HKA.
Current Fleet
2 BCAC VC.1 Viking
1 Short S.32 Sandringham II

Hunting Air Travel Limited, Luton Airport
Formed in 1944 as a subsidiary of the Hunting Group of companies. Its main activities are contract, scheduled and non-scheduled domestic and international air services. In addition to a maintenance organisation, the Hunting Group's other aviation interests include Percival Aircraft Ltd., Hunting Aerosurveys Ltd. and Aerofilms Ltd.
Current Fleet
4 Avro 625D
7 BCAC VC.1 Viking
5 Percival P.50 Prince

Iraqi Airways
Iraqi Airways was founded in 1944 as a department of Iraqi State Railways. It operates routes between Baghdad, Kirkuk, Mosul, Palestine and Jordan.
Current Fleet
3 BCAC VC.1 Viking
5 DH.104 Dove

Jersey Airlines Ltd., Jersey
Formed during the summer of 1948 by Maldwyn L. Thomas to offer such day-tripper charter flights from Croydon to Jersey.
2 DH.89 Dragon Rapide

Kenyan Air Services, Nairobi
Operates a daily service in Kenya on the Mbeya-Dodoma-Nairobi route with an extension to Kisumu. There is a twice weekly route Nairobi-Kampala (Uganda) and a weekly service to Kigali (Rwanda) and twice-weekly route to Dar es Salaam.
Current Fleet
4 DH.89 Dragon Rapide
2 Miles Marathon
Miles Merchantman (future deliveries: 2 1948)

Lancashire Aircraft Corporation (LAC), Salmesbury and Bovingdon
Founded in 1946 to operate heavy cargo charters, the company also carries out aircraft servicing and repair work and training.
Current Fleet
1 Handley Page Hermes I
14 Handley Page Hermes II

London Aero & Motor Services (LAMS), Elstree
This company began flight operations 1946 to take advantage of the burgeoning cargo market but after a series of mishaps, including the death of both directors in an air accident, the company folded in June 1948 and its assets were acquired by Skyflight Ltd. Two short-lived subsidiaries were formed during the summer of 1947 using one aircraft each; LAMS (Australia), Sydney and LAMS (Kenya).
Current Fleet
18 Handley Page Hermes II

Lundy & Atlantic Coast Airlines, Barnstaple
This company has been in business since 1936. It operates routes from Barnstaple to Lundy Island, Cardiff and Torquay.
1 DH.104 Dove

Malayan Airways Limited (MAL)
Founded on 12 October 1937, by Alfred Holt's Liverpool-based Ocean Steamship Company, in partnership with the Straits Steamship Company and Imperial Airways (later BOAC) at Singapore. It mainly operated charter flights as well as weekly scheduled flights from Singapore to Kuala Lumpur, Ipoh and Penang. In June 1947, BOAC acquired the Holt shareholding and began an expansion in feeder routes across Malaya and to Borneo and Burma.
Current Fleet
5 Airspeed AS.6 Envoy
10 Miles Marathon
Miles Merchantman (future delivery: 4 1948)
Miles M.73 Herald (future delivery: 6 1949-50)

Mayfair Air Services, Thame
Charter operator since 1945.
Current Fleet
3 DH.89 Dragon Rapide

Middle East Airlines
Formed 16 May 1942 by Saeb Salam, with operational and technical support from BOAC. Operations started on 1 January 1943 between Jerusalem, Beirut and Nicosia. Routes were added to Cairo in mid-1944 and Baghdad in December 1944.
Current Fleet
3 DH.89A Dragon Rapide
4 BCAC VC.1 Viking

Morton Air Services
Founded in 1945 by pilot Captain T.W. "Sammy" Morton as a private, independent airline. Operations include general charter work, air ambulance services and racecourse charters.
Current Fleet
6 Airspeed AS.6 Envoy
10 DH.104 Dove
6 Aerocar Major (future delivery 6 1948)

This Egyptian company operates an eleven-times weekly service to Lydda, Jerusalem (Palestine) and Beirut (Syria) from Cairo and also services to Cyprus via Lydda. This firm also operates all the internal Egyptian routes. It is managed by Airwork Ltd and was known as Misr Airwork from 1933-44.
Current Fleet
5 DH.89 Dragon Rapide
1 DH.90 Dragonfly
3 Avro 652D
6 BCAC VC.1 Viking
6 Heliopolis Gomhouria 3

North Eastern Airways Ltd., Doncaster
This airline was founded by Lord Grimthorpe on 4th March 1935 and has held firm and independent despite pressures from the railway companies, Railway Air Services and BEA. In 1937 it joined IATA and has gained some Royal Mail contracts.
Current Fleet
8 DH.89 Dragon Rapide
2 Percival P.50 Prince
Percival P.64 Super Prince (future delivery 6 1948)
2 DH.95 Flamingo
Services flown;
Doncaster-Hull-Grimsby twice daily
Doncaster-Manchester-Liverpool twice daily
Doncaster-Leeds-York-Newcastle-Glasgow daily
Doncaster-Croydon twice daily
Doncaster-Croydon-Knocke-Le Zoute (Netherlands) daily

Palestine Airways
The State-run airline of Palestine which operates services from Jerusalem to Amman, Jordan and shorter routes within Palestine. It has important Royal Mail and government transport contracts.
Current Fleet
3 DH.89 Dragon Rapide
2 DH.95 Flamingo Mk II
4 DH.97 Ambassador
8 DH.104 Dove

Payloads (Charter) Co. Ltd., Stanstead
Formed in late 1946 as an associate company of London Aero & Motor Services (LAMS). The latter’s collapse in 1948 affected operations and they ceased operations in December 1948.
Current Fleet
2 Airspeed AS.6 Envoy
10 Handley Page Hermes II (leased from LAMS)

Portsmouth, Southsea & Isle of Wight Aviation, Portsmouth
This airline was formed in June 1932 and operates the shortest regular airline routes in the world across Spithead and along the south coast.
Current Fleet
8 Aerocar Major (future deliveries: 6 1948-49)
Services flown;
Portsmouth-Ryde every half hour in summer and four times daily in winter
Portsmouth-Ryde-Shanklin four times daily
Portsmouth-Ryde-Shanklin-Bournemouth summer only
Portsmouth-Shoreham twice daily
Southampton-Ryde four times daily in summer and twice daily in winter
Southampton-Ryde-Shanklin summer only
Also in summer link services are made from Portsmouth to Heston Aerodrome and from Bournemouth to Bristol.

Scottish Airways Ltd., Renfrew Airport, Glasgow
Formed in August 1937 from a merger of Highland Airways and Northern and Scottish Airways. The LMS railway owns a 40% stake. Some aircraft still carry Western Isles Airways Limited livery, but the firm is a wholly owned subsidiary.
Current Fleet
5 DH.89 Dragon Rapide
5 DH.95 Flamingo
3 DH.95 Flamingo Mk II
5 Avro 700 Ashton
DH.114 Heron (future deliveries: 8 1949-50)
Services flown;
Glasgow-Belfast twice daily
Glasgow-Campbeltown-Islay twice daily
Glasgow-Tiree-Barra daily
Glasgow-Barra-South Uist-Benebecula-North Uist-Harris daily
Glasgow-Skye-North Uist daily
Glasgow-Perth-Inverness twice daily
Inverness-Wick-Kirkwall twice daily
Inverness-Wick-Kirkwall-Sumburgh daily
Kirkwall-Stronsay-Sanday-North Ronaldsay daily
Kirkwall-Ronsay-Westray daily and Inverness-Wick-Aberdeen daily.

Scottish Airlines (Prestwick) Limited
A subsidiary of Scottish Aviation Limited founded in 1946. The airline undertakes worldwide passenger and cargo charter flights to destinations all over Europe, Africa, the Middle East, India, Canada and the United States from its base at Prestwick. It also operates scheduled services between Prestwick Airport and Ronaldsway Airport on the Isle of Man. Contract flights include charter flights between Prestwick and Iceland on behalf of Iceland Airways and scheduled services linking Prestwick with Belfast and London, Glasgow with Belfast and London, and Aberdeen with London under contract to BEA, Prestwick with Amsterdam under contract to KLM, and Prestwick and Manchester with Brussels under contract to Sabena.
Current Fleet
4 Avro 685 York
6 Douglas DC-3
1 Fokker F.XXII

Skyways Ltd., Langley Airport, Berkshire
Founded in 1944 as a charter operation specialising in freight and industrial transportation. Former British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC) Director General Brigadier General A.C. Critchley is the chairman and the inflight refuelling pioneer Sir Alan Cobham is deputy chairman. Veteran aviator Captain R.J. Ashley is the managing director. The newly formed airline operated its first flight with a leased Avro York chartered by the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company to carry oil personnel and freight from Langley to Basra via RAF Manston, Malta, Cairo and RAF Lydda. Langley's lack of Customs facilities necessitates a stop at Manston before leaving the UK. Each round-trip takes 35 flying hours and four days. Other oil contracts have followed.
Current Fleet
2 Avro York (on loan from BEA)
1 DH.104 Dove
2 Avro 711A Trader
4 Miles Merchantman

Skyflight Ltd., Stanstead
Formed in May 1948 from the crumbling London Aero & Motor Services (LAMS), whose assets it totally acquired in June.
Current Fleet
7 Handley Page Hermes II (ex-LAC)

Starways Ltd., Speke, Liverpool
The airline was formed in 1948 to undertake freight and passenger charters. It also provides joyriding flights.
Current Fleet
2 DH.89 Dragon Rapide
2 Avro 652D

Sudan Airways
An Air Advisory Board was formed in 1945 to assess on the feasibility of starting air services in Sudan. After a favourable report, Sudan Airways was formed in February 1946 with the technical assistance of Airwork Limited, and the commercial support of Sudan Railways. The first scheduled operations were launched in July the same year. The main operations hub is Khartoum Airport. The routes link Khartoum with Asmara, Atbara, El Fashir, El Obeid, Geneina, Juba, Kassala, Malakal and Port Sudan. An Airwork Viking flies a Blackbushe–Khartoum long-haul route.
Current Fleet
5 DH.104 Dove,
DH.114 Heron (future deliveries: 2 1949)
1 BCAC VC.1 Viking (leased from Airwork)

Transair Ltd., Croydon
A charter operation which specialises in light freight and newspaper deliveries.
Current Fleet
8 Avro 652D
8 Avro 700 Ashton

VIP Air Services Ltd., Thame
Formed by Rex Morley Hoyes in April 1947 for charter work. Also operates a daily milk delivery route from Belfast to Liverpool.
Current Fleet
2 Piper Cubs
1 Handley Page Hermes I

Western Airways Ltd., Weston-Super-Mare
Norman Edgar first began a trans-Severn estuary service in September 1932 and in September 1933 formed Norman Edgar (Western Airways) Ltd. In January 1938 the Straight Corporation took control of the airline and the name changed to Western Airways.
Current Fleet
4 DH.89 Dragon Rapide
4 Avro 700 Ashton
1 DH.114 Heron
Services flown;
Weston-Super-Mare-Cardiff four times daily in winter and in the summer this service operates every hour
Bristol-Cardiff hourly
Weston-Super-Mare-Birmingham daily
Services to Le Touquet and Paris are also undertaken in the summer

West African Airways Corporation (WAAC)
Founded 1 January 1946 and headquartered in the Sadler House in Airways House in Ikeja, Nigeria with its main operations base at Lagos Airport. The airline is run by the West African Air Transport Authority for the British West Africa colonies of Nigeria, Benin and Chad. With an initial £50,000 capital, ownership of the company is split between Nigeria (69%), Chad (22%) and Benin (9%). Management and technical expertise has been provided by BOAC. The company provides British West Africa with air transport facilities, to connecting it with Dakar and Khartoum in order to provide passengers with a gateway to the Americas and the Middle East, respectively, and to operating feeder flights that connected with Europe-bound BOAC services. WAAC is also acts as an agent for BOAC in Nigeria. Elder Colonial Airways’ daily Kano-Porto Novo and Kano-Lome routes run under BOAC contract are now run under WAAC contract.
International services are flown to; Tiko in Cameroon (SAE), Abidjan in Cote d’Ivoire (France), Accra in Cote d’Or (France), Monrovia in Liberia (Iberia), Benin Airport (France), Dakar in Senegal (France) and El Geneina and Khartoum in the Sudan.
Internal services are flown to:
(Nigeria) Bida Airstrip, Calabar Airport, Enugu Airport, Ibadan Airport, Gusau Airstrip, Jos Airport, Kaduna Airport, Kano Airport, Maiuguri Airport, Makurdi Airport, Osogbo Airstrip, Port Harcourt Airport and Yola Airport.
(Togo) Dapaong Airstrip, Kara Airstrip, Lome Airport, Mango Airstrip and Sokodé Airstrip.
(Chad) Abecher Airstrip, Abou Deia Airstrip, Am Timan Airstrip, Ati Airstrip, Bokoro Airport, Bol Airstrip, Bongor Airstrip, Faya Largeau Airstrip, Fort Archambault Airport, Mongo Airport, Moundou Airstrip, Ndjamena Airport, Oum Hadjer Airport and Pala Airstrip.
Current fleet
4 BCAC (Bristol) Type 170 Freighter
10 DH.104 Dove
2 Miles Marathon
3 Douglas DC-3

Westminster Airways Ltd., Croydon
A charter airline founded in 1943. Also undertakes aircraft servicing and maintenance.
Current Fleet
3 Avro 652D
3 Handley Page Hermes I

World Air Freight, Bovingdon
Founded in June 1947 as a worldwide freight charter operator.
Current Fleet
3 Handley Page Hermes II